The word ‘Navaratri’ means ‘nine nights’ in Sanskrit, ‘nava’ meaning nine, and ‘ratri’ meaning nights. It is a festival dedicated to the worship of the Hindu deity Durga. The festival lasts ten days and nine nights, which are celebrated in order to worship the nine forms of Goddess Shakti/Devi. The festival characterizes the end of evils, and the beginning of new and pure divinity. Its concepts are observed and followed from Vedic times, from when it is celebrated as a sign of divineness towards the Mother Goddess Durga.
The tenth day is commonly referred to as Dussehra – is also known as Vijayadashami, Dasara, Dashahara, Dashain. It is the tenth day- the instant day after Navratri, resembling the beginning of pure aura and powers. The name ‘Dussehra’ (Sanskrit Dasha-hara) derives the meaning as, “the sun will not rise”, where Dasha resembles to sun and Hara means defeat. This epic refers to Lord Suraj’s victory over the ten-headed demon king Ravana.
During Navaratri, we invoke the energy aspect of God in the form of the universal mother, commonly referred to as ” Durga” which literally means the remover of miseries of life. She is also referred to as “Devi” (goddess) or “Shakti” (energy or power). It is this energy, which helps God to proceed with the work of creation, preservation and destruction. In other words, you can say that God is motionless, absolutely changeless, and the Divine Mother Durga, does everything. Truly speaking, our worship of Shakti re-confirms the scientific theory that energy is imperishable. It cannot be created or destroyed. It is always there.
Navaratri is divided into sets of three days to adore different aspects of the supreme goddess.
- On the first three days – the Mother is invoked as powerful force called Durga in order to destroy all our impurities, vices and defects.
- The next three days – the Mother is adored as a giver of spiritual wealth, Lakshmi , who is considered to have the power of bestowing on her devotees the inexhaustible wealth.
- The final set of three days – is spent in worshipping the mother as the goddess of wisdom, Saraswathy.
In order have all-round success in life, we need the blessings of all three aspects of the divine mother; hence, the worship for nine nights.
Following are 9 forms of Mother Durga/ Navadurga which are to be worshiped each day with their divine mantra on the occasion of Navaratri.
1) Shri Shaila Putri Devi
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI SHAILAPUTRI DURGAAYE NAMAHA
2) Shri Brahamacharini Devi
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI BRAHAMACHARINI DURGAAYE NAMAHA
3) Shri Chandra Ghanta Devi
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI CHANDRA GHANTA DURGAAYE NAMAHA
4) Shri Kushmanda Devi
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI KUSHMANDA DURGAAYE NAMAHA
5) Shri Skanda Mata Devi (Mother of Skanda/Kumara/Shanmukh/Karthik)
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI SKANDA MATA DURGAAYE NAMAHA
6) Shri Katyayani Devi
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI KATYAYANI DURGAAYE NAMAHA
7) Shri KAALA RATRI DEVI (Shubhamkari)
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI KAALA RATRI DURGAAYE NAMAHA
8) Shri Maha Gauri Devi
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI MAHA GAURI DURGAAYE NAMAHA
SARAVA MANGALA MANGALYE SHIVE SARVARTHA SADHIKE
SHARANYEI TRYMBAKE GAURI NARAYANI NAMOSTHUTE
9) Shri Siddhidatri Devi
Mantra:- OM HREEM SHRI SIDDHIDATRI DURGAAYE NAMAHA
Chant daily 108 times above mantra for each form of Mother Durga Devi ,in addition chant her ,most divine bija mantra “OM HREEM DUM DURGAAYEI NAMAHA”.
These 9 divine nights are very powerful, peoples who are interested to do any sadhana’s to get siddhi, power and wealth then these 9 nights are very much suitable as these nights contains very powerful vibrations.